Liferay Theme Interview Questions

  •  How to set portlet preference in theme?

    Liferay provides a built-in VM variable called$velocityPortletPreferences for this purpose.$velocityPortletPreferences is a Map<String, String>.  For each preference, pass its key string plus the value you desire.  The key may be one of Liferay’s built-in portlet preference keys, or (for plugin portlets) one of your own that your portlet knows how to interpret.

    #set ($VOID = $velocityPortletPreferences.setValue(‘display-style’, ‘1’))
    #set ($VOID = $velocityPortletPreferences.setValue(‘portlet-setup-show-borders’, ‘false’))}}}

  • Explain theme folder structure?

    init_custom.vm    Allows you to add custom Velocity variables.

    init.vm :    This holds default velocity variables

    navigation.vm Implements the page navigation within the theme.

    portal_normal.vm : Controls the look & feel of the portal template for normal pages. This file includes the other files.

    portal_pop_up.vm Controls the look & feel of the portal templates for pop-ups. This is used to show a portlet when its window state is equal to LiferayWindowState.POP_UP

    portlet.vm The template for portlet windows within the theme.

  • What file theme developers need to update the custom css styles?  ANS : custom.css

  • How to access custom portlet service layer in theme?

  •  How to access util tag lib in Theme velocity templates?

    • $utilLocator.findUtil() is used to load util classes (util package classes in service.jar) into liferay theme velocity template
  • How to embed a portlet in theme ?

    • Ans : $theme.runtime(“test_war_testportlet”)
      • $theme.runtime($myPortletId, $queryString, $velocityPortletPreferences.toString())
  • What is Layout Template?

    • Layout templates are used to control portlets are displayed on UI like grid or column structure
    • layout template are created using layout plugin type and need to design on {name}-template.tpl file
  • How to get Theme Settings in JSP?

    • by using theme display object, we can get theme settings
      • themeDisplay.getThemeSetting(“key”)
  • In Liferay theme, How to serve theme static content from Apache ?

    • by setting virtual-path in liferay-look-and-feel.xml file . The virtual-path value sets the virtual path used to fetch the CSS, images, and JavaScript files. By default, the portal returns the theme’s servlet path. This setting allows you to override it. For example, suppose your theme is deployed to the servlet path “/test-theme” and your theme image-path is “/xyz/images”. By default, the portal
      will return “/test-theme/xyz/images” for the path of the theme’s images. You can override it by setting virtual-
      path to “/virtual” and have the portal return “/virtual/xyz/images”. This is useful when you want all static files to
      be served by Apache for better performance. The default value is “” which means this is not used.
    •  <theme id="professor" name="Professor" >
       <setting key="portlet-setup-show-borders-default" value="false"></setting>
  • How to embed web content at theme level?

    • Using FM:
      • <#assign groupId = themeDisplay.getScopeGroupId()>
        <#assign journalArticleLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portlet.journal.service.JournalArticleLocalService")>
        <#assign journalArticle = journalArticleLocalService.getLatestArticleByUrlTitle(themeDisplay.getScopeGroupId(), "hello", 0)>
        <#assign journPortletIns = "56_INSTANCE_A1HSJX1" />
        <#assign PortletPreferencesFactoryUtil = staticUtil["com.liferay.portlet.PortletPreferencesFactoryUtil"] />
        <#assign portletSetup = PortletPreferencesFactoryUtil.getLayoutPortletSetup(layout, journPortletIns) />
        <#assign temp = portletSetup.setValue("portletSetupShowBorders", "false") />
        <#assign temp = portletSetup.setValue("groupId",groupId) />
        <#assign temp = portletSetup.setValue("articleId", journalArticle.getArticleId()) />
        <#assign temp = />
        ${theme.runtime(journPortletIns, "", portletSetup.toString())}
      • or you can print the content:
        • <#assign journalArticleLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portlet.journal.service.JournalArticleLocalService") >
          <#assign footerContent= journalArticleLocalService.getLatestArticleByUrlTitle(themeDisplay.getScopeGroupId(), "hello", 0)>
          ${journalContentUtil.getContent(groupId, footerContent.getArticleId(), "", locale.toString(), themeDisplay)}
  • What is recommended way to disable borders of all portlets?

    Ans : Using theme settings as below

    <theme id=”sample-theme” name=”Sample Theme”>
    <setting key=”portlet-setup-show-borders-default” value=”false” />

    Note:- By default its true. we must have to explicitly set it to false.

  •  How  To embed a portlet in layout

    Ans : $processor.proceePortlet(“3”)

  • How to disable dockbar ?

    • we can disable the dockbar with below code:
    • #if ($is_signed_in)
  • How to implement color schemes in Liferay themes?
  • How to resolve CSS conflict issue with Liferay AUI css when we incorporate 3rd party css?



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